May 14, 2022 In Conservation 101
The American Bison
The American bison (pronounced “buy-son”) is the national mammal of the US. Bison and buffalo look alike, but buffalo are wild cattle native to Africa and Asia; bison are wild cattle native to Europe and North America.
- The bison is North America’s heaviest land mammal—males can weigh more than a ton—and can run up to 35 miles per hour.
- Once numbering many millions, by 1895 only a few hundred bison remained in the US. Conservation saved the species. Today there are more than half a million bison across North America and the number is slowly increasing.